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The Ainu Bear Festival

The Ainu Bear Festival

B5変 296ページ 上製
定価:12,000円+税
ISBN978-4-8329-0368-5 C3039
奥付の初版発行年月:2014年02月 / 発売日:2014年03月中旬

内容紹介

自然誌―自然と文化の人類学―を理論的枠組みとし、アイヌの熊祭りを生態、生物、社会、宗教という局面を持つ活動系と捉え、熊祭りの地域的差異、時代的差異、意味に関する再検討を行い、さらに、文化人類学・民族学的視点から見たアイヌ文化の起源と展開を明らかにする。【欧文書】

出版部から一言

『アイヌの熊祭り』(雄山閣、2010)の欧文版です。

著者プロフィール

煎本 孝(イリモト タカシ)

Takashi Irimoto, Ph.D. is a Professor Emeritus at Hokkaido University and Chair of the Northern Studies Association of Japan. His publications include Chipewyan Ecology: Group Structure and Caribou Hunting System (National Museum of Ethnology, 1981), The Eternal Cycle: Ecology, Worldview and Ritual of Reindeer Herders of Northern Kamchatka (National Museum of Ethnology, 2004), and his co-ed. books include Circumpolar Religion and Ecology (University of Tokyo Press, 1994), Circumpolar Animism and Shamanism (Hokkaido University Press, 1997), Circumpolar Ethnicity and Identity (National Museum of Ethnology, 2004), Continuity, Symbiosis, and the Mind in Traditional Cultures of Modern Societies (Hokkaido University Press, 2011).
  He was awarded the 16th Dr. Kyosuke Kindaichi Memorial Prize (1988) for his studies on a cultural anthropological analysis of historical data on the Ainu of the Saru River region: c.1300-1867 A.D. Bulletin of the Institute for the Study of North Eurasian Cultures, Hokkaido University. His book, Circumpolar Religion and Ecology, won an Award of the Publishers' Association for Cultural Exchange (PACE), Japan (1994). Then, he received an Award for distinguished service from The Anthropological Society of Nippon (2013).

上記内容は本書刊行時のものです。

目次

Preface  

Chapter 1 Ainu Bear Hunting  
  1. Hunting techniques 
  2. Hunting activities and their symbolic significance 
  3. Behavioral strategies for hunting 

Chapter 2 Ritual Processes of the Ainu Bear Festival  
  1. Preparation 
  2. Ritual slaughter of the bear cub 
  3. Grand feast 
  4. Sending-off of the spirit 
  5. Small feast 
  6. Confirmation 

Chapter 3 Regional Differences in the Bear Festival  
  1. Regional differences in temporal sequence 
  2. Regional differences in altar composition 
  3. Regional differences in altar deities 
  4. Regional differences in cultural elements 

Chapter 4 Significance of the Bear Festival  
  1. Reciprocity and behavioral strategies for hunting 
  2. Social ranking and egalitarianism 
  3. Trade and wealth redistribution 
  4. The bear festival and original oneness 

Chapter 5 Historical Variations in the Bear Festival  
  1. Period 1: 1599-1798 
  2. Period 2: 1799-1821 
  3. Period 3: 1822-1867 
  4. Period 4: 1868-1912 
  5. Consideration of historical variations 

Chapter 6 Origins and Dynamics of the Bear Festival  
  1. Phase 1: A ritual for sending off hunted wild bears 
  2. Phase 2: Commencement of bear cub rearing 
  3. Phase 3: Establishment of the bear festival 
  4. Phase 4: Cultural revival 

Chapter 7 Revival of the Bear Festival  
  1. Background to the revival of the bear festival 
  2. Incentives for revival 
  3. Conflicts in revival 
  4. Resolution of conflicts 
  5. Practice of the bear festival 
  6. Succession of traditional culture and ethnic symbiosis 

Chapter 8 Conclusion and Discussion  
  1. The dynamic system of the Ainu bear festival 
  2. The human mind and the human nature 

Bibliography 

Appendices
  Appendix 1 
  Appendix 2 

Postscript 

Index 

関連書

宇田川洋『イオマンテの考古学』(東大出版会、1989)
宇田川編『クマとフクロウのイオマンテ―愛撫の民族考古学』(同成社、2004)
和田完編『サハリン・アイヌの熊祭』(第一書房、1999)
更科源蔵『熊祭』(楡書房、1955)
伊福部宗夫『沙流アイヌの熊祭り』(みやま書房、1969)
相賀徹夫編『イヨマンテ―上川地方の熊送りの記録』(小学館、1985)


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